Myth: Being gay is a “choice”
According to a 2015 poll by the Pew Research Center, Americans are equally divided on whether sexual orientation is a choice or is inherently determined, with about 40 percent of respondents saying either side. But the percentage of people who believe sexual orientation is not a choice has nearly doubled in the past few decades, up from about 20 percent when the Los Angeles Times conducted a similar poll in 1985.
The myth has strong legal ramifications: the strongest argument anti-homosexual activists can use to remove precautions against discrimination against the LGBTQ community is the claim that LGBTQ people were not born into their sexuality, but instead were themselves to “chose” to be part of marginalized groups.
FACTS: A study by Andrea Ganna et al. from 2019, published in Science, examined the genes of 492,664 people and concluded that “same-sex sexual behavior is not influenced by one or a few genes, but by many”.
Based on this and other evidence, most researchers have come to the conclusion that sexuality is determined by a combination of environmental, emotional, hormonal, and biological components, which does not make sexual orientation a choice, but instead is controlled by a variety of uncontrollable factors becomes.
While there is no consensus on what combination of factors produce sexual orientation at the individual level, the American Psychological Association notes that “most people have little or no sense of choice about their sexual orientation”.
MYTH: Gay relationships don’t last
This notion that homosexual couples do not take their relationships / partners as seriously as heterosexual couples derives in part from the history of gay couples who cannot legally admit their bond with one another.
FACTS: Several studies have been published that refute this myth, involving tens of thousands of gay, lesbian, and straight participants and their partners providing feedback on the stability of their relationships.
A 2017 study of homosexual and heterosexual couples by researchers at Bowling Green State University found that opposite-sex and same-sex female couples had more stability in their relationships than same-sex male couples. The BGSU concluded that this is because gay and bisexual men are more exposed to stressors that lead to problems in their relationships.
Research by UCLA psychologist Ilan Meyer has found that female same-sex couples prioritize emotional intimacy more than male same-sex couples, which means that they can support the partnership for longer.
Two studies published in the journal Developmental Psychology in 2008 showed that same-sex couples are just as engaged in their romantic relationships as heterosexual couples. One of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign found that there was no difference in engagement or relationship satisfaction between gay and straight couples, and even found that lesbian couples were “particularly effective at conflict resolution.”
MYTH: Bisexuality and pansexuality are the same.
Bisexual is used by many people as a collective term for anyone who is not heterosexual or homosexual. But in reality there are many different forms of sexuality.
FACTS: Although both imply that someone is attracted to more than one gender, bisexual and pansexual are not synonyms.
Bisexual people define their sexuality on the basis of romantic attraction to two genders; hence the prefix “bi”. However, bisexuality has different conditions for each person. A bisexual man may be 30% attracted to men and 70% to women. Or a bisexual woman can be equally attracted to both sexes.
But gender categories are not limited to “male” and “female”, which enables people to identify as non-binary or genderqueer, which means that they identify as neither male nor female.
Bisexuals may or may not be romantically attracted to non-binary people, but even if they are, they are still considered bisexual. Non-binary people can also identify as bisexual if they are also attracted to male, female, or non-binary people.
Pansexuality refers to being attracted to all people regardless of their sexual orientation. This also includes agents; those who do not identify with any gender. Although pansexual people are attracted to all genders, they are not attracted to every person. Personality, physique, morals, etc. are also important for pansexual people.
MYTH: Same-sex upbringing is harmful to children
The belief that straight couples – and preferably married couples – make better parents is deeply ingrained in the belief systems of many Americans for both political and religious reasons. Some proponents of this position, including many with political or religious agendas, have opposed changing government policies to allow same-sex parenting and adoption.
FACTS: Statistics show that restricting parenthood to heterosexual couples leaves many children out entirely, rather than being adopted and nurtured by gay couples who might give them opportunities to develop.
“Same-sex couples are seven times more likely to raise an adoptive or foster child than opposite-sex couples,” concluded a July 2018 letter from the UCLA Williams Institute. It found that between 2014 and 2016 among couples who raised children, 2.9 percent of same-sex couples raised foster children, compared with 0.4 percent of same-sex couples.
Adoption and foster care laws vary from state to state, but each year thousands of children age before they are adopted or fostered, which has long-term implications for their mental health. Only three percent of those who get older earn a college degree. Seven out of 10 women who get older will get pregnant before the age of 21, according to the National Foster Youth Institute.
Divorce can have harmful effects on children. A 2020 HealthLine article lists depression, substance abuse, future problems in the child’s own relationships, and more. However, instead of beating up the parents for the breakup, the article provides ways to help the kids adjust. The same advice can be given to children of gay parents if they experience bullying or fear.
MYTH: People who make a transition will regret it later in life
Arguments against sex confirmation procedures, such as surgery and hormones, include the idea that the person receiving treatment could have an adverse impact and that they could change their mind.
FACTS: Studies show that hormone therapy and surgery often help people who identify as transgender love their bodies and greatly improve their mental wellbeing.
A 2017 study, led by a team of Dutch researchers, showed that gender dysphoria and body dissatisfaction significantly decreased after these procedures. The depression and “lower psychological function” patients experienced prior to the procedure were all caused by the discomfort they felt in their own bodies, the researchers concluded. Hormone-based and surgical interventions improved body satisfaction in these patients.
A 2016 systematic review published in Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment found that estrogen hormone therapy had positive effects on the emotional and mental health of transgender people from male to female. Patients reported a decrease in depression, feeling happier and more confident in their bodies, and fewer symptoms of dissociative problems.
A 2021 analysis of a 2015 survey published in JAMA Surgery found that transgender and gender-specific people (TGD) who had gender-affirming surgery were “significantly less likely to experience mental distress last month, tobacco smoking last year and last year exhibited “. Thoughts of suicide compared to VHS patients without a history of gender-affirming surgery. “
“The decision to transition was one of the most important and difficult decisions I have ever made,” Arin Jayes, 30, a non-binary trans man, wrote in an email.
“I didn’t really know it was right until I did it. That statement may seem radical and scary. In fact, it’s a little existential because it took a leap of faith, ”he said. “One might ask,“ Why on earth would you do something so permanent if you weren’t sure? ”As someone who’s been there, I can tell if it doesn’t feel right, you know. It is important to trust yourself and your physical autonomy. “