Beauty

CJ Olive Younger beats Amorepacific to grow to be Ok-beauty king


Foreigners after shopping at CJ Olive Young’s store in Myeong-dong, Seoul, the top spot for international visitors (File photo)

CJ Olive Young Corp., South Korea’s top beauty store chain, took the throne in the domestic cosmetics market, beating industry giants Amorepacific Corp. and LG H&H Co. by sales, as consumers preferred cheaper products to premium items.

CJ Olive Young’s sales rose 39% to 3.9 trillion won ($2.9 billion) in 2023 with its net profit jumping 72.7% to 355.1 billion won, exceeding revenues of Amorepacific and LG H&H’s beauty unit for the first time, according to industry sources on Thursday. The revenue of Amorepacific, the country’s top cosmetics maker, sipped 11.1% to 3.7 trillion won, while sales of LG H&H’s beauty business fell 12.3% to 2.8 trillion won.

The beauty chain store operator is expected to stay at the top spot as it provides products from various cosmetics companies rather than focusing on only one brand, industry experts said.

“CJ Olive Young is unlikely to have a competitor for the time being, given its buying power and competitiveness in both online and offline markets,” said Park Jongdae, a former analyst at Hana Securities, who wrote a book on the South Korean beauty market.

“Major Chinese e-commerce players such as AliExpress and Temu, as well as Daiso may threaten it, but the impact will be limited as their products and concepts are different,” said Park, current CEO of a local food maker. Daiso is South Korea’s top dollar store chain.

STRUCTURAL CHANGE

CJ Olive Young took advantage of the structural change in the South Korean cosmetics industry.

Domestic beauty products were mostly sold through single-brand shops, such as Amorepacific’s Innisfree, LG H&H’s The Face Shop and Able C&C Co.’s Missha from the 2000s to mid-2010s.

(Graphics by Sunny Park)

Those retail outlets have been reeling from the rapid growth in online sales and the sharp drop in Chinese tourists on a diplomatic row between Beijing and Seoul over South Korea’s decision to deploy a US-led Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) anti-missile system since then, however.

Smaller and independent local beauty brands expanded their presence in the South Korean market when those cosmetics behemoths struggled.

OUTSOURCE EVERYTHING EXCEPT PRODUCT PLANNING

Those minor brands handled only product planning and outsourced everything else, including production, logistics and sales, which major cosmetics makers manage. Original design manufacturers (ODMs) such as Kolmar Korea Co. and Cosmax Inc. produce cosmetics for smaller beauty companies, while multi-brand stores such as CJ Olive Young sell those products.

Such strategies allowed companies, which have only ideas without massive production facilities or sales channels, to sell cosmetics, reviving the K-beauty industry.

CJ Olive Young utilized the growth in smaller cosmetics brands based on its merchandizing competitiveness by rapidly responding to the trend change.

“CJ Olive Young succeeded as it actively accepted new minor brands and quickly changed the composition of stores and products in line with trends,” said Park.

Clio Cosmetics Co. and Round Lab, smaller beauty companies, logged revenues of more than 100 billion won through sales at CJ Olive Young stores.

Write to Hyung-Joo Oh at ohj@hankyung.com
 
Jongwoo Cheon edited this article.



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